Mobile clinics deliver last-mile reproductive health care in Madagascar

Ambovombe is a landlocked district in southern Madagascar, where only about half of health facilities are accessible year-round because of poor roads and challenging terrain. And even if one could get there, the cost of transportation is too high, resulting in 61 percent of births taking place outside of a health facility, according to a 2018 survey.

“The working conditions were not easy. I have traveled hundreds of kilometres to visit isolated villages hidden in the vastness of the Androy region,” said midwife Dally of the Regional Reference Hospital of Ambovombe, recalling her early days in the region, which covers nearly 20,000 square kilometres. “Some women in labour try to reach the hospital by cart and the trip sometimes takes a whole day. This results in complications during deliveries, stillborn babies and pre- or post-partum haemorrhages and infections.”

When COVID-19 struck, even more patients stopped going to health centres, and Dally’s maternity team — three midwives and a few volunteers — was stretched thinner still.

If women and young people would not go to her to exercise their reproductive health rights, Dally would have to go to them. So she did.

No one left behind

For five months, two mobile clinics covered more than 10,000 kilometers to serve 59 remote localities in seven districts. More than 14,000 people benefited from pre- and postnatal consultations, family planning services, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) screening and treatment and educational sessions.

Children, women and men with their health booklets [medical records] in hand were eager to take advantage of the services available,” said Ida, a midwife from another locality’s hospital team who accompanied a mobile clinic to the small village of Bekitro. “Everyone was happy because the long-awaited moment had finally arrived. I will never forget their feelings of hope and joy expressed through their eyes and faces, which motivated me despite the difficulty during the trip.”

Volunteer community agents mobilized the village with megaphones and loudspeakers to draw the large crowd. The mobile clinics, an initiative of the Ministry of Public Health in partnership with UNFPA and supported by funding from Japan, served everyone who came, mostly women and girls between 15 and 49 years old.

The clinics also traveled to the commune of Beraketa, where Volana*, 35, was one of 2,120 people treated for an STI. In southern Madagascar, sexually transmitted infections are common, mainly due to the belief that a boy only becomes a man after contracting one.

“I was so ashamed of my illness that I was afraid to go to the doctor and I had no money to treat myself,” Volana said. “Thanks to this mobile clinic, I received the necessary care and medication free of charge. It is with great joy that I will finally get rid of this burden.”